Old Town Nice and Promenade Des Anglais in the French Riviera
This is an arial view of the Old Town area of Nice (see terra cotta roofs and narrow alleys), the market area to the left (see the awnings on the street), and the Promenade des Anglais along the water. This photo was taken from the top of Castle Hill. Nice is a beautiful city in the southeastern part of France, in the Cote d'Azur region, sitting on the Mediterranean Sea. It is near Monaco, Eze, and St. Paul de Vence. Because the border of Italy is nearby, some of the architecture in Nice has an Italian influence. Nice is nicknamed, "Nice la Belle", which means "Nice the Beautiful". In the second half of the 18th century the beauty and mild Mediterranean climate attracted the upper class English who spent winters here. The main walkway along the coastline is called the "Promenade des Anglais" ("Walkway of the English"). The beach of Nice doesn't have sand, but large pebbles. The waters of the Mediterranean Sea are bright blue. The clear air and soft light of the region attracted artists like Marc Chagall, Henri Matisse, and others. Nice continues to draw many tourists. Some popular squares and pedestrian areas in the city are Place Messena, Place Garibaldi, Place Rossetti, Cours Saleya, and Place du Palais. In medieval times Nice was protected by a fortress on Castle Hill, a limestone rock 93 meters high overlooking the sea. Now it is a park that provides panoramic views of the coastline, city, and the marina below full of colorful boats and wealthy yachts.